Swine flu was originally called "influenza flu" because it is similar to influenza viruses that infect pigs. The current strain of concern is a mutated form called Influenza virus A (H1N1) or human swine influenza can be transmitted from human to human.
- People become infected with the virus by inhaling droplets that are coughed or sneezed by an infected person.
- A person can also become infected by touching something with flu viruses and then touching their mouth or nose.
It can also be spread by people who carry the virus but show no outward signs of illness.Influenza virus infect cells lining the nose, throat and lungs. The virus enters your body when you inhale contaminated droplets or transfer live virus from a contaminated surface to your eyes, nose or mouth.You can not get swine influenza from eating pork.
The symptoms of swine flu in humans are similar to those of infection with other strains of influenza:
- sore throat
- body aches
- swine flu can also lead to more serious complications such as pneumonia and respiratory failure, and may worsen the severity of chronic conditions like diabetes or asthma. Severe symptoms such as difficulty breathing, vomiting, abdominal pain, dizziness, confusion warrants an immediate call to your doctor.
Good standard techniques flu prevention is recommended to protect against swine flu:
- Get vaccinated against seasonal flu. I could not help against this specific strain, but will not hurt.
- Wash your hands frequently with soap and hot water. If hot water is not available, use a hand gel based alcohol.
- When you cough or sneeze, cover your mouth and nose. Wash your hands afterwards.
- Avoid being around others who might be ill.
- Stay home if sick, to avoid affecting others.
- Before traveling, find out what vaccines you need and where to get them. Visit your family doctor or a travel clinic health at least six weeks before your departure date.
- If you become ill while traveling, seek medical attention.
- If you are sick when you return to home, or been around someone who is, you should tell a customs union or of the quarantine office, which will decide if you need further medical evaluation.
- If you get sick after returning to home, consult a health professional. Be sure to tell / to the countries he has visited, if you were ill while away, and any care or treatment of your received.
Actually it is not possible to know without any test by Doctor that you have swine flu. So we suggest you to go to Doctor first. For first aid I am discussing some treatments of this disease.
- Stay at home and don’t try to come under contact of any person.
- Don’t take any drug or medicine without the Doctor’s suggestion.
- Wash your hands regularly with soap
- Try to stay healthy
- Get plenty of sleep
- Do plenty of exercise
- Try to manage your stress
- Drink plenty of liquids
- Eat a well balanced diet
- Refrain from touching surfaces which may have the virus
- Do not get close to people who are sick
- Stay away from crowded areas if there is a swine flu outbreak in your area